Windows Deployment Services(WDS)
The Windows Deployment Services is the updated and redesigned version of Remote Installation Services (RIS). Windows Deployment Services enables you to deploy Windows operating systems, particularly Windows Vista. You can use it to set up new computers by using a network-based installation. This means that you do not have to install each operating system directly from a CD or DVD.
Benefits of Windows Deployment Services
Windows Deployment Services provides organizations with the following benefits:
• Allows network-based installation of Windows operating systems, which reduces the complexity and cost when compared to manual installations.
• Deploys Windows images to computers without operating systems.
• Supports mixed environments that include Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP and Microsoft Windows Server 2003.
• Built on standard Windows Vista setup technologies including Windows PE, .wim files, and image-based setup.
Prerequisites for installing Windows Deployment Services
Your computing environment must meet the following technical requirements to install Windows Deployment Services:
• Active Directory. A Windows Deployment Services server must be either a member of an Active Directory domain or a domain controller for an Active Directory domain. The Active Directory domain and forest versions are irrelevant; all domain and forest configurations support Windows Deployment Services.
• DHCP. You must have a working Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server with an active scope on the network because Windows Deployment Services uses PXE, which relies on DHCP for IP addressing.
• DNS. You must have a working Dynamic Name Services (DNS) server on the network to run Windows Deployment Services.
• An NTFS partition. The server running Windows Deployment Services requires an NTFS file system volume for the image store.
• Credentials. To install the role, you must be a member of the Local Administrators group on the Windows Deployment Services server. To install an image, you must be a member of the Domain Users group.
• Windows Server 2003 SP1 or SP2 with RIS installed. RIS does not have to be configured, but must be installed.